Slavery in Mamaroneck Township

January 4, 2014 | Filed under: Articles

Speaker: Ned Benton
Date: Sunday, January 19th
Time: 3:30 to 5:00 p.m.
Place: Larchmont Village Center

Free and open to the public
refreshments will be served

For information, contact Dee van Eyck at 914-834-0449 or

The Federal Census documents that in 1770 more than 10% of the people residing in the Town of Mamaroneck were slaves. Gilbert Budd, who owned the most slaves between 1790 and 1810, served as the Clerk of Mamaroneck Township. In honor of Martin Luther King, Jr. Day in Larchmont and Mamaroneck, when community reflects on freedom and human rights and recalls their antithesis, slavery, the Larchmont Historical Society’s program will recall Bet, Phelby, Candice,Nelly, Charlot, Jack, Hannibal, Telemarque, George, Lewis, Dorathea, John and Andrew. They were slaves — not on a Southern Plantation — but here in what is today the Town of Mamaroneck, where slavery was practiced in the 1600s and 1700s and did not recede until the 1820s.

The  presentation will focus particularly on two local slaves, John Cox and Andrew Cole, who escaped to side with the British during the Revolutionary War and were rewarded at the end of the war with their freedom and passage to Nova Scotia.